REUTERS | Kevin Lamarque

In Ramilos Ltd v Buyanovsky, it was held that the statutory regime of the Evidence (Proceedings in Other Jurisdictions) Act 1975 (the 1975 Act) limits the courts’ otherwise inherent jurisdiction to make a Norwich Pharmacal order when it comes to obtaining evidence in aid of foreign proceedings. This restriction, however, is one that in our recent experience may have gone unnoticed by some in the legal profession, even though it has important implications for third parties, commonly banks, who are the recipients of such orders. Continue reading

REUTERS | Heinz-Peter Bader

A director’s duty to act in good faith in the interests of the company is the cornerstone of a director’s position. This long standing obligation was revamped in the Companies Act 2006 with the introduction of a new requirement that directors should have regard to a package of concerns reflecting what has been described as “enlightened shareholder value”. Following the enactment of section 172 of the Companies Act 2006, when determining what is in the interests of the company, directors are required to look beyond the pursuit of profit and consider various factors and third parties stakeholders who could be affected by the decision. Continue reading

REUTERS | Kim Hong-Ji

Skimming through the SRA Code of Conduct for Solicitors introduced in November last year, I am tasked with considering any costs implications thereof. This is not something that I have had to consider before, as knowing there was/is a code, and merely checking the relevant provisions when referenced, would usually have been enough for a costs lawyer (and probably only of limited use even in a Solicitors Act 1974 assessment). Continue reading


Brexit: the seemingly all permeating portmanteau that, love it or hate it, filled the national consciousness for the past four years, finally came to pass at the end of January. With much fanfare, but no earth-shattering physical changes (at least not yet) the UK left the European Union and the focus changed to what the longer sighted always saw as the real battleground: trade, and how to mitigate the impact for businesses and individuals. Continue reading


“Pin-striped enablers.” A new synonym for lawyers according to Andrew Foxall and his report, Russian Kleptocracy and the Rule of Law: How the Kremlin Undermines European Judicial Systems, recently published by The Henry Jackson Society. The report outlines a new study on how corrupt Russian oligarchs and officials have exploited different European justice systems for their own political or economic gain. In the case of the UK, Foxall asserts that “Russian oligarchs may have used English courts to launder tens, possibly hundreds, of millions of pounds through various scams,” allegedly aided by law firms failing to comply with their duties and becoming either knowingly (or unknowingly) embroiled in sham litigation. Continue reading

REUTERS | Jorge Silva

All civil litigation practitioners ought to know the difference between standard and indemnity basis costs. Whilst CPR 44.3(1) applies to both and provides that the court will not allow costs which have been unreasonably incurred or are unreasonable in amount, an important distinction is provided for in CPR 44.3(2)(a) and (b). Standard costs must be reasonable and necessary, and will be disallowed if they are not proportionate under CPR 44.3(5)(a)-(e). Indemnity costs, on the other hand, need only be reasonable. There is no proportionality requirement such as that they must bear a reasonable relationship to the sums in issue under, for example, CPR 44.3(5)(a). Continue reading


Cyber fraud is big business for criminals. It is everywhere. Readers will have been reminded by their banks to be on the lookout for such fraud frequently in the recent past. Cases where the victims of such frauds seek to recover their misappropriated money are becoming increasingly common in the English courts. But the legal remedies in relation to cyber fraud have only developed in the last year or two, and are still not widely understood. In this blog, I share my experience and tips gleaned from obtaining a number of injunctions and related orders in recent cyber fraud cases. Continue reading

REUTERS | financial information screen numbers

Solicitors’ liens

Ryanair liens case goes to Supreme Court

Bott & Co Solicitors Ltd have been granted permission to appeal to the Supreme Court by the Supreme Court itself in relation to the issue of solicitors’ liens where a third party (Ryanair) deliberately sent damages to the client, and not the solicitor acting for the client. The Supreme Court will hear this matter on Tuesday, 27 October 2020. Very obviously, that acts as a major disincentive to solicitors to take the risk of working on a no-win, no-fee basis where there will be no fund from which to take the costs. Continue reading


The litigation funding landscape in the Cayman Islands is changing. Whilst maintenance and champerty are still both crimes and torts, draft legislation has been prepared which would abolish them and permit funding. In the meantime, the Caymanian judiciary has acknowledged that, provided adequate protections are in place, funding can facilitate better access to justice, and has blessed different funding arrangements. Continue reading